Country: Nepal

Capital: Kathmandu



Nepal: officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a landlocked country located in South Asia. With an area of 147,181 square kilometers (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 27 million, Nepal is the world's 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. Specifically, the Indian states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Sikkim border Nepal, while across the Himalayas lies the Tibet Autonomous Region. Nepal is separated from Bangladesh by the narrow Indian Siliguri Corridor. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and largest metropolis.

A monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by the Shah dynasty of kings from 1768 — when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its many small kingdoms until 2008. A decade-long Civil War involving the Communist Party of Nepal and several weeks of mass protests by all major political parties led to the 12-point agreement of 22 November 2005. The ensuing elections for the 1st Nepalese Constituent Assembly on 28 May 2008 overwhelmingly favored the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a federal multiparty representative democratic republic.

Map references: ASIA

Land boundaries: Total: 2,926 km border countries: China 1,236 km, India 1,690 km

Coastline: 0 km (Landlocked)

Administrative Division: The country is administratively divided into 5 Development Regions, 14 Zones and 75 Districts. Literacy rate (1991 census): Total: 39.6%Male: 54.5% Female: 25.1%Language: Nepali (Official language) English (Widely spoken) Religion: Hinduism: 90%

Capital City: Kathmandu

Official Language: Nepali

Government: Federal Parliamentary Republic

Head of the State: President

Head of the Government: Prime Minister

Legislature: Constituent Assembly

Kingdom Declared: 25th September 1768

State Declared: 15 January 2007

Republic Declared: 28th May 2008

Total Area: 147,181 KM (95th rank), 56, 827 SQM

Water %: 2.8

Population 2011 Census: 26,494,504

Density: 180/km

GDP total: $62.384 Billion

Per Capita: $2,310

Currency: Nepalese Rupee (NPR)

Calling code: +977

ISO 3166 Code: NP

Internet TLD: .np

Ports: No ports in the country.

Nearest Port: Calcutta (India), Chittagoan, Mangola (Bangladesh) Air: Nepal has one Tribhuvan International Airport and 54 airfields. International servicing airlines are Nepal Airlines, Bangladesh Biman, China South East Airlines, Druk Airlines, Etihad, Gulf Airways, Indian Airlines, Lufthansa, Pakistan Airlines, Qatar Airways, Singapore Airlines, and Thai Airlines etc. Various internal airlines are in operation for domestic flights. Railways: Janakpur - Jayanagar Railway service operation of about 52 k.m.